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Female Infertility: What are the infertility Causes, Symptoms & Treatment?


What are the Causes of Female Infertility?

Female Infertility is the inability to get pregnant even after trying regular sexual activity without using birth control for a long time. If you and your partner have tried more than a year & still there is no successful result in conceiving then the only reason is infertility. If you wanna find out the cause of infertility in yourself and in your partner, Then you must once visit a fertility doctor soon. Mishka IVF center is undoubtedly the best IVF center in Jaipur for females. Mishka IVF is the only IVF center in Jaipur that has a well-renowned & dedicated andrology department that comprises female sexual health and wellness. Also, Mishka IVF delivers high-class services for the patients. Moreover, they treat their patients with love, affection, and care. All IVF treatments happen with the latest technology to solve all the possible issues of the couple.

Numerous factors may lead to female infertility. If you’re facing trouble while trying to conceive, Your doctor is the person whom you should look out for without wasting your time. Your doctor will search for the cause of infertility in you and suggest treatment for curing that accordingly.

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Here Are Some Common Female Infertility Causes Below:-

Damage in fallopian tubes. Fallopian tubes are a small structure that carries fertilized eggs to your ovaries, where a child develops. These fallopian tubes get damaged rarely because of pelvic infection or surgery, or because of endometriosis. Moreover, Damage prevents sperm from reaching an egg inside the fallopian tube, where the egg is fertilized & moves downwards to the uterus.

Hormonal Issues. Sometimes some women don’t get pregnant because their body is not going through the usual hormonal changes every month.

Cervical disorders. Some women have a condition that stops semen from passing through the cervical canal.

Uterine Issues. You might have polyps (outgrown mass) in your body & fibroids, which may interfere in your pregnancy. Uterine polyps occur when extra cells are grown in the uterus lining. Moreover, Fibroids grow in the uterus wall. There are some other irregularities and problems which are rare. Moreover, Sometimes there is infertility without any cause that is considered “Unexplained Infertility”. However, About 20% of couples experience unexplained infertility.

Symptoms of Female Infertility

The major symptom of female infertility is not getting pregnant while trying for a long time. Sometimes, Women with infertility might have absence or irregular menstrual periods.

  • If you and your partner are 35 or older and not able to get pregnant after trying for more than 6 months.
  • Over the age of 40.
  • When irregular periods happen or absence of periods.
  • Painful Periods
  • known fertility issues
  • If diagnosed with endometriosis or pelvic disease
  • Multiple miscarriages in previous time

Read also: who is the father of Microbiology

Tests for Diagnosing Female Infertility

Your doctor will do several tests to know the exact cause of your infertility. Some tests will include a blood test to know the hormone level in the body and an Endometrial Biopsy for examining the lining of the uterus.

Hysterosalpingography (HSG). The HSG process includes an ultrasound or x-ray of your reproductive organs. Your doctor may inject the dye or saline & air into your cervix. Moreover, it will go through your cervix to the fallopian tubes. Doctors use this method to check and find the blockage within your fallopian tubes.

Laparoscopy. A Laparoscope is a medical device with a camera, Doctors place it through your belly button by making a small cut in your belly button. Laparoscopy helps doctors see the inside view of your fallopian tubes, ovaries, and uterus to check for abnormal growth there. And, with laparoscopy doctors also find out the blockage in fallopian tubes.

How is Female Infertility Treated?

Laparoscopy – IF doctors have diagnosed you with tubal or pelvic disease through laparoscopy. The doctor might suggest you repair your reproductive organs through laparoscopy surgery. The doctor will place a laparoscope inside the body by making a small cut near your belly button and treat the cause of infertility. A doctor would repair causes through laparoscopy.

Hysteroscopy – is a thin, lighted, flexible tube inserted into your uterus through your cervix. Doctors use hysteroscopy to remove the fibroid’s tumors, separate scar tissues, and treat blocked tubes.

Medication – If you’re facing ovulation issues, Your doctor may prescribe medication such as Clomid, Serophene, gonadotropins, or letrozole for treatment with medicine only.

Gonadotropins may help trigger ovulation when Clomid or Serophene doesn’t work. Also, these drugs will help you to conceive by making your ovaries release multiple eggs. Generally, Only one egg released’s every month from the reproductive system.

Metformin, Also known as Glucophage, is another option that may help you to ovulate if you have a PCOS or insulin resistance issue.

Intrauterine Insemination – it is also known as intratubal insemination. The process starts after washing sperms with a special solution to remove bad-quality sperm. Then the doctor will place washed sperm in your uterus when you’re in your ovulation phase. Moreover, doctors do this procedure sometimes when you are taking medicines to trigger the release of an egg.

In Vitro Fertilization

Also known as IVF. In this process, the Doctor will give you triggering medication for fertilizing the eggs that help develop more than one egg. Moreover, when your eggs mature, your doctor will perform an ultrasound to know the condition, and if all are in good condition, the Doctor will collect eggs with the help of a small needle, and then he will wash the sperm with a medical solution. Then the doctor will add eggs and sperms to a dish. After some days, the Doctor will place back the embryos into your uterus with a small medical device known as an intrauterine insemination catheter.

In case, If you and your partner think about a second child, Then extra embryos can be kept safe and frozen for later use.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection – This injection is an (ICSI) injection. The process starts with injecting sperm directly into the egg in a dish & then by placing it into your uterus.

Gamete Intrafallopian Tube Transfer(GIFT) – In GIFT, the procedure starts with retrieving an egg and combining it with semen in a laboratory, and immediately placing it inside your fallopian tubes.

Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT) – Your doctor will place the fertilized eggs(zygotes) inside your fallopian tubes within 24 hours.

Egg Donation – This treatment is done when you’re unable to get pregnant because of problems with your ovaries or with the quality & quantity of your eggs while having a normal uterus. The process involves the removal of eggs from your selected donor’s ovary. And then, your doctor will transfer the fertilized eggs into your reproductive system with the IVF method.


Infertility can be very stressful if you’re trying to get pregnant for more than 6 – 12 months and didn’t get a successful result. The best piece of advice for you is to consult with an infertility specialist doctor to diagnose the cause of infertility. Also, Your doctor will guide you for the further procedure and treatment options that may help you with getting pregnant.

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